Thyroid is butterfly shaped small organ located just below our Adam’s apple and at front of our necks which releases a hormone which is crucial for the well-oiled functioning of our bodies. Thyroid has huge impact on our metabolism. According to a survey nearly 20 million Americans suffer from some thyroid problems, yet 60% of them do not even realize they have any problems till it’s too late. So here are signs your thyroid isn’t working to recognise that something wrong is happening with your thyroid.

1 Dry, scaly and thick skin

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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Among signs your thyroid isn’t working, a condition called hypothyroidism leads to the calcification of the skin causing it to appear sick, thick scaly and flaky in texture. This is a classic thyroid problem.

2 Hair loss/thinning hair

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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Hair growth largely depends on healthy thyroid functioning, any change in the levels of hormones produced by this gland can drastically lead to hair growth or the lack of it. Excessive hormone production will cause hair thinning all over the scalp, while under production can lead to hair fall.

3 Unusual bowel activity

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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Thyroid hormones play a big role in regulating the bowel movements every day. An underactive thyroid can cause constipation, while an overactive one can cause frequent bowel movements and many bathroom visits in a day.

4 Changes in heart rate

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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One of the Even our basic heart beat is controlled by thyroid. Under secretion of hormones by this gland causes the heart to beat slowly and conversely the over secretion leads to faster heart beat which is also called hyperthyroidism. You must visit a doctor and take medication which will regulate the secretion of hormones to stabiles the heartbeat rate.

5 Depression/sudden anxiety

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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If lately you have been feeling down and depressed or anxious about petty things its highly likely that the thyroid glands are the culprit here. Over production of thyroid hormones causes extra brain stimulation causing the patient to feel anxious and jittery. Underproduction on the other hand has the complete opposite effect it makes the patient feel tired, exhausted and depressed.

6 Feeling unusually cold/unusual sweating

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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Thyroid glands also act as our body’s thermostat for our body in the sense that it regulates the body temperature, if the hormone production gets notched up suddenly it increases the metabolism of the body unnaturally making it hot and the person feels warm and sweaty. Again, on the other hand if the production diminishes all of a sudden, the body starts getting cold and person feel cold and shivery.

7 Unusual weight gain/loss

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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As we have understood quite clearly by now that thyroid glands actually regulate the metabolism of the body so diminished hormone production by thyroid means slower metabolism and lower calorie burning by the body which means weight gain. On the other hand, the over secretion will make you lose weight drastically and equally unnaturally.

8 Irregular periods

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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Among signs your thyroid isn’t working, if you are chronically having irregular periods and are having huge gaps between 2 periods its thyroid causing problems. The lack of enough hormones will make the periods heavier, longer and even closer together, while an abundant production of the hormone can cause lighter periods which are too spaced out in time. Both are irregular and you need to get a doctor’s consultation.

9 Brain fogging/difficulty concentrating

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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Your thyroid and brain function are directly proportional, if the thyroid is weak and not functioning well neither is your brain or your memory and concentration. Underactive thyroid can cause subtle memory loss while an overactive thyroid can make it difficult to focus and concentrate. This can cause serious impediment in your efficiency at work or academics so its better to get proper examination done so that the secretion is well-balanced.

10 Neck discomfort or enlargement

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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Here is the catch, both over and underproduction of thyroid hormone can cause neck enlargement. It’s basically the thyroid glands which get enlarged and swollen making the neck look fat and swollen too. This problem usually targets females and there are medications available to tackle this problem but do not self-medicate and consult a doctor first.

Who is at a greater risk?

signs your thyroid isn’t working

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Women are at the higher risk of any thyroid related problems as compared to men.

Thyroid malfunction targets ladies above the average age of 60. So, you should start getting regular thyroid check-ups if you are nearing that age.

People with genetic or family history of thyroid problems may have the similar conditions as well. It is a generational condition which cannot be helped.

Neck check for thyroid disorder:

Besides signs that your thyroid isn’t working, you can self-check if there are any irregularities or discomfort by this exercise. All you need to do is to tip your head back and swallow, while doing that examine your neck around the Adams apple area and area above the collarbone. If you feel lumps or bulges, well it is about time to see a doctor.